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Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Untuk Dipelajari

Simple past tense merupakan tense yang menunjukkan bahwa pekerjaan atau kegiatan dilakukan pada waktu yang lalu atau sudah lampau, seperti dikutip dari website English Bridge.

Kalimat simple past tense menggunakan kata bantu atau to be bentuk kedua yaitu “was/were” sebagai predikat dalam kalimat.

Selain menggunakan “was/were” sebagai predikat, kalimat simple past tense juga menggunakan kata kerja bentuk kedua (verb 2).

Kata kerja bentuk kedua ini berupa kata kerja beraturan (regular verb) dan kata kerja tidak beraturan (irregular verb). Regular verb terbentuk dari V1 ditambah “-ed”.

rumus simple past tense

  1. Kalimat Positif:

Subject + to be (was/were) + adjective /adverb

ATAU

Subject + Verb 2 + Object

  1. Kalimat Negatif:

Subject + to be (was/were) +not + adjective/adverb

ATAU

Subject + did + not + Verb 1 + Object

  1. Kalimat Tanya:

Was/were + Subject + adjective/adverb?

ATAU

Did + Subject + Verb 1 + Object?

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Positif Negatif dan Tanya Untuk Dipelajari

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Positif (+)

  1. I met my girlfriend two years ago.
  2. She bought a new bracelet last night.
  3. They were good friends.
  4. Siska left her wallet at home.
  5. He drank coffee this morning.

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Negatif (-)

  1. I didn’t go to the museum two days ago.
  2. He didn’t tell me about the bad things that happened to him.
  3. She did not give up after losing a badminton match.
  4. I was not there when she fell from the stairs.

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Tanya (?)

  1. Were you lie to us about the test?
  2. Did he help his father to paint the wall?
  3. Did you begin studying math last Sunday?
  4. Where were you yesterday? Your family was looking for you.
  5. Was the film so good? If so, I want to watch it.

Contoh Regular Verb

Verb I Verb II Arti

abase abased menghina

account accounted menghitung

achieve achieved mencapai

 

bawl bawled berteriak

blame blamed menyalahkan

call called memanggil

chew chewed mengunyah

delete deleted menghapus

deride derided mengejek

earn earned memperoleh

examine examined memeriksa

 

face faced menghadapi

gaze gazed memandang

grumble grumbled mengeluh

handle handled menangani

hop hopped melomat

import imported mengimpor

 

kick kicked menendang

kidnap kidnapped menculik

kiss kissed mencium

lift lifted mengangkat

 

notify notified memberitahu

occur occured terjadi

qualify qualified memenuhi

rag ragged menggoda

rub rubbed menggosok

sail sailed berlayar

 

 

tie tied mengikat

train trained berlatih

travel traveled bepergian

type typed mengetik

use used menggunakanwait

wait waited menunggu

wash washed mencuci

 

Contoh Irregular Verb

Verb I Verb II Arti

 

awake awoke bangun

begin began mulai

bend bent membengkokkan

break broke mematahkan

bite bit menggigit

bring brought membawa

build built membangun

burn burnt membakar

buy bought membeli

 

catch caught menangkap

come came datang

cut cut memotong

choose chose memilih

dig dug menggali

do did mengerjakan

draw drew menggambar

drink drank minum

dream dreamt bermimpi

eat ate makan

 

feed fed memberi makan

fall fell jatuh

feel felt merasa

forgive forgave memaafkan

get got mendapatkan

grow grew tumbuh

hang hung menggantungkan

 

kneel knelt berlutut

lead led memimpin

leave left meninggalkan

lose lost kehilangan

make made membuat

mistake mistook membuat kesalahan

 

pay paid membayar

ride rode mengendarai

ring rang membunyikan

say said mengatakan

seek sought mencari

see saw melihat

sell sold menjual

shake shook menggoyangkan

shine shone bersinar

shoot shot menembak

show showed menunjukkan

shrink shrank menyusut

sing sang bernyanyi

speed sped mempercepat

spell spelt mengeja

spend spent menghabiskan

spread spread menyebarkan

stand stood berdiri

steal stole mencuri

swear swore bersumpah

sweep swept menyapu

swim swam berenang

 

throw threw melempar

take took mengambil

teach taught mengajarkan

tell told bercerita

think thought berpikir

wear wore memakai

win won menenangkan

write wrote menulis

understand understood mengerti

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